What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)


What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial Intelligence Definition

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a part of computer science that helps make machines act like humans. This could be simple tasks like understanding speech or complex ones like learning and problem-solving. AI has three types: Narrow AI, General AI, and Superintelligent AI.

Narrow AI, also called Weak AI, is used for specific tasks like voice recognition. It powers digital helpers like Alexa and Siri, and also the suggestions you get on Netflix and Amazon. These systems only know what they’ve been told to understand.

General AI, or Strong AI, might one day perform many tasks just like a human. It’s not just about acting like humans, but also understanding like one. Right now, this kind of AI is mostly just an idea.

Superintelligent AI is the highest level of AI. It could do better than humans in all jobs that are valuable for the economy. It doesn’t just copy human intelligence but goes beyond it.

How Artificial Intelligence Works

AI uses special step-by-step procedures called algorithms to learn from data. This learning process is called machine learning. It spots patterns and makes decisions with little human help.

Deep learning and neural networks copy the way human brains learn. Deep learning helps machines learn from things like pictures, text, or sound. These machines can spot patterns and create outputs like humans.

Natural Language Processing (NLP) helps machines understand and respond to human language. It’s why we can talk to machines just like we talk to humans. NLP is used in voice assistants, chatbots, and other similar applications.

Uses of Artificial Intelligence

AI is used in many areas for better work and ideas. In healthcare, AI can guess diseases, diagnose conditions, and choose treatments. In finance, it spots fake transactions and handles trading activities. In transportation, AI drives self-driving cars, plans logistics, and controls traffic.

The entertainment industry uses AI for online games, movie suggestions, and music streaming. Other uses include customer service chatbots, data analysis and visualization, and content creation.

Key AI technologies include self-driving cars, 24/7 customer service chatbots, and recommendation systems that improve user experience on platforms like Netflix or Amazon.

Artificial Intelligence Examples

The field of artificial intelligence has seen some remarkable leaps recently, especially with the release of advanced models like GPT 3.5 and GPT 4. Nevertheless, the field is overflowing with numerous groundbreaking achievements. Some of them are:

ChatGPT and other GPT models

ChatGPT, an AI-powered chatbot that excels in natural language generation, translation, and query response, is arguably the most commonly used AI tool due to its broad accessibility. However, OpenAI also made significant strides in AI with the development of GPT models 1, 2, and 3.

GPT, or Generative Pre-trained Transformer, was epitomized by GPT-3, the most expansive language model at the time of its 2020 release, boasting 175 billion parameters. The latest iteration, GPT-4, which can be accessed through ChatGPT Plus or Bing Chat, has an incredible one trillion parameters.

Autonomous vehicles

Despite safety being a major concern for potential users, self-driving car technology is persistently advancing due to AI innovations. These cars utilize machine-learning algorithms to fuse data from various sensors and cameras, enabling them to perceive their surroundings and decide the optimal action.

When thinking about autonomous cars, Tesla’s autopilot feature in its electric vehicles is often the first thing that comes to mind. However, Waymo, an Alphabet subsidiary, operates driverless rides in San Francisco, CA, and Phoenix, AZ.

Cruise is another autonomous taxi service, while reputed auto companies like Apple, Audi, GM, and Ford are likely developing their own self-driving car technologies.


In the realm of AI and robotics, Boston Dynamics’ achievements are noteworthy. While we’re still far from achieving AI at the level depicted in the movie Terminator, it’s nonetheless impressive to see Boston Dynamics’ robots utilizing AI to navigate and react to diverse terrains.


DeepMind, a Google subsidiary, is at the forefront of AI, inching closer to the lofty objective of artificial general intelligence (AGI). Initially making headlines in 2016 with AlphaGo, a system that triumphed over a professional human Go player, the company has continued to innovate.

DeepMind later developed a system that can predict the intricate 3D shapes of proteins, and has even produced programs that can diagnose eye diseases as accurately as leading doctors globally.

Impact of Artificial Intelligence

AI has changed various parts of our lives and economy, in good and bad ways. On the plus side, AI makes many sectors more efficient. Tasks that took humans hours can be done by AI in minutes.

AI can go through large amounts of data and find patterns that humans might miss. This makes it useful in healthcare, finance, and scientific research. Plus, it could create new jobs as the need for AI experts grows.

On the downside, AI could replace human jobs, leading to more unemployment. Privacy is also a concern, as AI gets better at analyzing and understanding data. Ethical questions, like who is to blame if AI causes harm, are important too.

The Future of Artificial Intelligence

AI is improving fast. Technologies like self-driving cars and voice assistants are almost here. AI might even help solve big world problems like climate change and disease.

But, these advancements also bring ethical and social issues. We need to ensure that AI systems are fair and unbiased as they become a part of daily life. It’s also important to keep AI processes transparent, respect privacy, and think about potential job losses.

Wrapping Up

Artificial Intelligence can act like and even outperform humans. It has changed many parts of our society and economy, for the better and the worse. It’s used in healthcare, transportation, entertainment, and more.

Even though AI has risks like job losses, privacy issues, and ethical questions, it has a lot of potential for the future. As AI gets better, we need to handle these challenges wisely

Adrian Carver, who holds a Master’s degree in Computer Science, brings over 20 years of experience in the tech field. Throughout his career, he has served in various roles, including Computer Engineer, Network Engineer, Software Developer and Software Engineer. Since the start of the pandemic, he has been working entirely remotely. Adrian has a strong interest in technology and science.